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Poll Shows Many Americans Don’t Know the Active Ingredients, Side Effects of Popular Pain Medicines
By Bill Hendrick
WebMD Health News
Many Americans may be unaware of the active ingredients and potential side effects
of popular over-
This is alarming, says Michael Wolf, PhD, MPH, a study researcher and an associate professor of medicine at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine.
Acetaminophen and the Liver
Acetaminophen, the ingredient in Tylenol, is found in more than 600 over-
But ignorance about which medications contain acetaminophen may be why acetaminophen overdose has become the leading cause of acute liver failure in the United States, according to the study, which was financed by Tylenol’s manufacturer, McNeil Consumer Healthcare.
People Aren’t Aware of Ingredients in Pain Drugs
The researchers say in the study that of the 45 adults in Atlanta and Chicago who were questioned:
Because acetaminophen is sold over the counter, many people consider it safe, not realizing that taking too much of the drug can be dangerous and lead to liver damage.
That’s one reason why researchers say a universal icon for acetaminophen should be developed that would appear on all medicine labels containing the ingredient.
“It’s incredibly alarming,” says Wolf, who has worked as a paid consultant for McNeil Consumer Healthcare. “People may unintentionally misuse these medicines to a point where they cause severe liver damage.”
He says it’s easy “to exceed the safe limit if people don’t realize how much acetaminophen they are taking” and because Tylenol and other products with acetaminophen are sold over the counter, no doctors or pharmacies are monitoring how much people are taking.
Jennifer King, MPH, also of the Feinberg School of Medicine and study co-
Many People Don’t Read Labels
Only 41% of people surveyed said they read labels to determine the ingredients they contained.
“When you have pain, you aren’t paying attention to what’s in a medicine, you just want relief,” King says. “People think, ‘If I can buy it without a prescription, it can’t be harmful.’”
But they’re wrong, because exceeding the maximum dose of acetaminophen can cause liver damage, she says.
Also, sometimes it’s hard to read labels, because on some drugs, acetaminophen is called APAP.
“It’s confusing, so even if a person is looking for acetaminophen on the label, she wouldn’t know APAP is the same ingredient in her Tylenol,” King says.
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